You’ve finally decided that it’s time to work with a professional editor but you have no clue on what to expect.
Will they hate your work?
Will they talk down to you?
Is your manuscript ready for a professional edit?
Is it even worth it to hire an editor?
You have a ton of questions. The good news is, we’re about to answer them right now. By the end of this post, you’re going to feel a lot better about working with a professional editor, and you’ll also know what to expect from and during the process. Let’s get started.
Understand the Role of Editor
Let’s start things off by understanding who the editor is and how he or she helps you with your manuscript.
You’ve probably heard the joke that when you work with a psychiatrist, you’re paying for a friend. Well, if we apply that joke to editing, we can say that when you work with a professional editor, you’re paying for a reader.
An editor is a professional reader, with an emphasis on professional.
You may be a reader, too. You may have devoted your entire life to reading the pages of great books. In fact, you may even be an editor, as well. But, you cannot be your own professional editor.
While you can and should self-edit, it’s impossible to thoroughly self-edit your own work. You’re too close. You already know your characters. You already know where your story is headed. You’re not able to see with fresh eyes. You’re unable to be unaware.
And because you cannot see your own writing objectively, you’ll need someone else to do that for you.
That’s why you should hire a professional editor.
Your editor comes with experience. He or she isn’t just someone with an English degree who decided to start editing as a side-gig. A professional editor, like those on our team at NY Book Editors, is someone with a minimum of four years’ experience at a traditional publishing company. He or she has been mentored by other, more experienced editors. A professional editor understands the process from rough draft to salable story.
It would be a good idea for you to think of your editor as a coach. He or she won’t write the story for you. Instead, your editor will help you produce the best story you can. Your editor will do this by pointing out opportunities for improvement. By the end of your time together, not only will your manuscript improve, but you should also improve as a storyteller.
Have a Prepared Manuscript
So, I just waxed poetic on how you can’t self-edit your work objectively, and I stand by that. But, that’s not to say that you shouldn’t self-edit at all.
You definitely should.
In fact, don’t submit your manuscript until you’ve edited at least a little bit.
The edit that you’ll do on your own will be different than the edit of a professional. Because you know what story you want to tell, you’re tasked with making sure that story is on paper. So, your first round of edits will be to make sure that you’ve told that story.
You’ll also want to tell that story in as few words as possible. Quite a few manuscripts come across our desks that are about 100,000 words too long. Your manuscript should be tight and svelte, somewhere between 80,000 to 100,000 words (or 200 pages).
Your manuscript shouldn’t be rife with grammatical and spelling errors. Edit for that.
Your manuscript shouldn’t be in first draft, either. In the wise words of Ernest Hemingway, “The first draft of anything is $#!”.
Once you’ve taken care of the above…
Once you feel confident that you can’t tweak, cut, or kill anything else from your manuscript… Once you feel like there’s nothing else you can possibly do to improve your story…
Once you feel like you’ve reached your wit’s end…
It’s time to submit your manuscript to us. We’ll take it from there.
Understand the Type of Edit You Need
So, this is the part that confuses a lot of writers– there’s more than one type of editing. To ease confusion, we’ll just focus on the three main types you’re likely to need: manuscript critique, comprehensive edit, and copyediting.
Which one do you need? It depends. Let’s break it down.
Manuscript critique (also known as MC or developmental editing) – This type of edit looks at the big picture and asks the big questions. The editor will focus on the overall structure of your story. The editor will look at the five Ps:
- Plot – Does the story have a satisfying arc?
- Pacing – Is the pacing consistent or are there dead spots that can be cut?
- People – Are the characters engaging? Are they memorable? Can they be combined?
- Point of View – Is the point of view confusing? Is it effective?
- Perspective – Does the perspective shift during the story?
The manuscript critique is an entry-level edit. It should be done before you tackle typos and grammar errors, because you and your editor may decide to cut entire chapters out of your novel.
You can use this critique to make sure that you’re headed in the right direction. The notes from the editor can bring much needed clarity and help you understand how others will experience your story.
Comprehensive edit (also known as a paragraph level edit) – This type of edit looks at your manuscript line by line, and deals with the language of your story, including rhythm, transition, and wordiness.
If you’re planning to go with a traditional publisher, you’ll only need a manuscript critique and a comprehensive edit. However, if you’d like to self-publish, we recommend copyediting, too.
Copyediting (also known as a sentence level edit) – This type of edit is all about grammar, spelling, typos, syntax, and consistency errors (fieldsboro vs fieldsborough). Copy editing also checks for potential legal liability. It’s a waste of time to do copyediting before manuscript, or developmental, critique because you may get rid of large chunks of text during those edits.
You’ll likely work with a different editor for each of the above. Why? A manuscript editor prefers to focus on the big picture and a copyeditor is more comfortable with fine details. Sometimes the two overlap.
Communicate With Your Editor
Remember that the editing process is a partnership between you and the editor. When you work with one of our editors, we want you to be involved and feel empowered throughout the process.
That’ll start after you submit your manuscript and receive an initial consultation call from your editor. Tell him or her what you’re hoping to learn from the editing process. If you have any questions about the editing process, ask away. Your editor will be happy to walk you through his or her process, and settle any jitters you may have.
After you receive feedback from the editor, make sure that you go over it promptly. Remember that the editor also works with other authors, so it’s important that you respect the editor’s time, too. Don’t leave your editor waiting for your follow-up questions. Ask him or her for advice on how you can make specific improvements while your manuscript is still fresh in his or her mind. And, if you think you’ll forget, make a list of your questions as you go through the manuscript.
Trust the Process
One of the best things about working with a professional editor is this: you can rely on his or her experience. Your editor has gone through countless works in progress with other authors. If you trust the process and listen to your editor, your editor will lead you to an improved manuscript.
I know for a fact that editing can be painful, especially if the editor has suggestions that you don’t want to do.
But, remember that the editor is not your enemy. He or she is simply trying to help you produce the best story.
That’s not to say that you can’t have any questions for your editor. Feel free to ask for clarification, or even disagree, but keep in mind that the editor is only here to help you make a salable story.
And, as a cherry on top, working with an editor will help you improve as a writer. You’ll be able to identify your weaknesses and steer clear of them.
Before you go, be sure to check out these additional resources that will help you prepare to work with a professional editor:
- DIY Your Edit: 10 Tips to Shape Up Your Manuscript
- What’s the Difference Between Copyediting and Proofreading
- Critique Vs. Comprehensive Edit: Which Should You Choose
- Use These 18 Apps to Improve Your Writing
- Instantly Improve Your Writing With These 11 Editing Tools
- Don’t Submit Your Manuscript Until You’ve Read This Post